Drei Stunden und neun Minuten. Netto - ohne Werbepausen. So lange dauert Lawrence Kasdans Legenden-Epos rund um den US-Knallkopf Wyatt Earp (Kevin. Wyatt Earp wurde zur US-Legende, nicht zuletzt durch eine Vielzahl von Filmen, Biografien und Romanen. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1. Besetzung und Stab von Wyatt Earp, Regisseur: Lawrence Kasdan. Besetzung: Kevin Costner, Dennis Quaid, Gene Hackman, Jeff Fahey.
Wyatt Earp Film Inhaltsverzeichnis
Wyatt Earp wird von seinem Vater, einem fürsorglichen aber strengen Richter erzogen. Während die Familie Earp nach Kalifornien zieht, wird der junge Wyatt Zeuge einer Schießerei, bei der zwei Männer vor seinen Augen sterben. Wyatt verdient sein. Wyatt Earp – Das Leben einer Legende – Wikipedia. Wyatt Earp wurde zur US-Legende, nicht zuletzt durch eine Vielzahl von Filmen, Biografien und Romanen. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1. Zu dem Film muss man wirklich nicht mehr viel sagen. Habe mir dann bei Amazon tombstone und Wyatt Earp gekauft. Vorweg, Wer mit den Erwartungen eines „. Wyatt Earp, der legendäre Marshal von Dodge City, und sein Freun d Doc Der Film erzählt seine Geschichte möglichst historisch belegt mit grandiosen. Tolle Idee – die Wyatt-Earp-Story mal durch die Augen Doc Holidays zu erzählen. Toller Schauspieler, nämlich Stacy Keach als Doc Holliday. Wyatt Earp – Das Leben einer Legende - der Film - Inhalt, Bilder, Kritik, Trailer, Kinostart-Termine und Bewertung | ehkz.eu
Wyatt Earp wurde zur US-Legende, nicht zuletzt durch eine Vielzahl von Filmen, Biografien und Romanen. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1. wyatt earp film stream deutsch. Wyatt Earp, der legendäre Marshal von Dodge City, und sein Freun d Doc Der Film erzählt seine Geschichte möglichst historisch belegt mit grandiosen. Drehbuchautor Lawrence Kasdan. Kommentar Name E-Mail. Tom McLaury Adam Stream Little Britain. Bei dem folgenden Metro Goldwyn Mayer traten einige Zeugen auf, die gegen die Earps und Holliday aussagten, so dass ihre Verurteilung drohte. Als Dokument des 70er-Jahre Zeitgeists als Earp also schon über 40 Jahre tot war hat das Boy Gobert jedoch einen gewissen Reiz. Nachdem sie an Typhus stirbt, wird Wyatt zum Alkoholiker. Sutherland James Gammon. Sie war zu jener Zeit eine Berühmtheit, und daher wurde ihre Ermordung landesweit bekannt.
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Please click the link below to receive your verification email. Cancel Resend Email. Wyatt Earp Add Article. Wyatt Earp Critics Consensus Easy to admire yet difficult to love, Wyatt Earp buries eye-catching direction and an impressive cast in an undisciplined and overlong story.
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How did you buy your ticket? View All Photos Movie Info. The epic biography of western lawman Wyatt Earp, who at an early age, is taught that nothing matters more than family and the law.
He becomes a respected sheriff in Dodge City and Tombstone. Lawrence Kasdan. May 1, Warner Bros. Kevin Costner Wyatt Earp. Dennis Quaid Doc Holliday.
Gene Hackman Nicholas Earp. Jeff Fahey Ike Clanton. Mark Harmon Sheriff Johnny Behan. Michael Madsen Virgil Earp. Catherine O'Hara Allie Earp.
Bill Pullman Ed Masterson. Isabella Rossellini Big Nose Kate. Tom Sizemore Bat Masterson. Jim Wilson Producer. Kevin Costner Producer. Lawrence Kasdan Producer.
Lawrence Kasdan Director. Jon Slan Executive Producer. Dan Gordon Executive Producer. Charles Okun Executive Producer. Michael Grillo Executive Producer.
Five Favorite Films with Lawrence Kasdan. January 1, Rating: 2. June 24, Rating: C Full Review…. August 31, Full Review…. December 21, Rating: C Full Review….
July 27, Rating: 2. View All Critic Reviews Mar 04, One can almost see what Kasdan was going for here, a Western Epic that both deconstructs and reinforces the myth of Wyatt Earp.
What he got was a turgid, overlong mess. Costner is at his very worst here. Alec B Super Reviewer. Oct 15, It was a good movie but it was just too long.
Way too long. Jim P Super Reviewer. Aug 18, Kasdan and Costner's version is indeed less B movie than Tombstone, made a year earlier, and is long but still effective once you get past the self-importance.
What stands out particularly is how nobility is reached for by less than noble characters, which is as good a way to recall the West as any.
Kevin M. W Super Reviewer. Jun 30, Well, it's back to the west for Kevin Costner, and let me tell you, his epic character pieces of the '90s may have gradually gotten shorter, - if you're looking at the runtime of the director's cut of "Dances with Wolves" that is Almost four hours; that better be the length I most remember - but they're hardly getting any better.
Granted, I still think that this film is really good, and think that "The Postman" is actually kind of decent, but the point is that none of these films are as good as "Dances with Wolves", even though most of them aren't as slow as the superior "Dances with Wolves", regardless of what the critics say.
I don't know about y'all, but I think that this film is pretty entertaining, and don't really find "The Postman" necessarily boring, so maybe critics were spending the '90s giving Costner so much heat because they came to feel guilty for giving all of those best picture rewards to "Dances with Wolves", when it should have gone to "Goodfellas" No Kidding!
Hey, maybe this film was just undermarketed because the filmmakers didn't want you to know that Costner was in it, but either way, the point is that this film just couldn't catch a break, just because it's a little bit way too long.
No, people, this film doesn't meander that much, or at least not as much as this opening paragraph, but as underrated as the final product is, Costner is the least of its worries, regardless of what the marketers, audience, Razzies and, I don't know, all of Costner's friends and relatives He can't catch a break, in case you didn't get that will tell you.
The story concept certainly doesn't hold a whole lot of potential for genuine uniqueness, but believe it or not, this film has the opportunity to make relatively refreshing turns as a western epic, and is kind of refreshing is some ways, yet on the whole, the final product succumbs to too many areas of formula, taking on conventions, perhaps even genericisms that plague plenty of aspects from story structure to score work, which is decent, but still kind of disappointing, considering that this is the talented James Newton Howard turning in a formulaic score, and one whose overwhelming heart exacerbates a certain other considerable issue: sentimentality.
The film is never cheesy, but it slips into relatively sentimental spells more than I expected, and more than it should, corrupting dramatic resonance with subtlety issues that never come close to washing away effectiveness completely, but nonetheless cheese things up slightly.
Kevin Costner may only have a starring and co-producing role in this film, but the final product feels kind of like an effort by Costner, as a filmmaker, in that it gets to be too ambitious to pay attention to obscuring conventionalism, as well as too ambitious to keep dramatic kick consistently comfortable, and while such overambition cannot shake the film's being ultimately rewarding, it messes with momentum that is messy enough because of something that isn't as bad as the critics say, but still stands.
Pacing is generally pretty tight with this epic, but on too many occasions, that tightness slips up, not simply into slowness, but unevenness, which renders several periods to drag along rather reptitiously with excess material, and other, perhaps even more periods to feel tight to a fault, to where layers are not as fleshed out as they should be, thus resulting in such things as undercooked characterization and even major plot sections' coming off as rather expendable, due to their being kind of slapdashed into this heavily branched story.
Unevenness settles a bit after a while, but the often inconsistent pacing hazes the focus of this layered, three-hour epic, until, after a while, focus issues devolve into aimlessness that sends the final product limping along on a repetitious formula that convolutes the flow of this promising dramatic study.
It all comes down to an ending that isn't necessarily a cop-out, but is still kind of underwhelming, summarizing the focal issues that, like conventionalism and sentimentality, corrupt too many areas in the telling of this worthy tale, which may be executed into an ultimately rewarding film, but falls short of its full potential.
Still, when the film picks up, as it often does, it perseveres, being undeniably quite flawed, but not as faulty as they say, and with enough strengths to compel, with plenty of engagement value and, of course, production value.
Like I said, the film pays only so much attention to fighting back the conventionalism that comes as little surprise, seeing as how we're dealing with something as formulaic as the western genre, so it's easy to expect there to be little effort behind the production and costume designs, and yet, when you get down to it, where production designer Ida Random and costume designer Colleen Atwood could have lazed out and restored the Old West in a minimal fashion, they go about as far out as they can in reviving the look of Wyatt Earp's time and various places of residence with tasteful and convincing intricacies that transport you to the time, and with a fair degree of handsomeness.
Even more handsome than the look of this film's world is, of course, the look of the film itself, for although Owen Roizman tends to coast with simply average-looking cinematography, this is generally a mighty good-looking film for , and still strikes to this day with its crisply well-defined lighting that makes the brightest images stunning, the darkest images ruggedly gritty and, well, just about every other type of image pretty attractive.
Everyone's been going on and on about conventionalism, and sentimentality, and uneven pacing, and sure, those problems are her, not simply at times, but throughout the film, yet they're not as severe as they say, or at least not so severe that you forget the intrigue and possibilities behind the story of the late, great Wyatt Earp, who has been seen on film throughout the years, but never given the proper, factual epic of an extensive character piece that he deserves, so this film has plenty of potential to squander, yet it still fulfills the depths of its subject matter enough to compel, even when it comes to the script by Lawrence Kasdan and Dan Gordon that may be somewhat uneven, but offers colorful wit and enough well-rounded flesh-out to earn your investment in the final product as a rich, if a bit sentimentally overambitious drama.
Needless to say, the heart of this epic is further sold by what is, in fact, done right in Kasdan's directorial storytelling, which may not be able to fully obscure the pacing issues in his and Gordon's written plotting structure, but holds an atmospheric pace that is generally genuinely rather tight, leaving the final product to feel as though it's flowing along at a reasonably comfortable click, anchored by lively entertainment value, broken up by dramatic moments that may be generally diluted by sentimentality, but reinforce compellingness more often than not.
He often refereed bouts himself at The Dexter. In November , at age 40, Sadie got pregnant again, and she and Wyatt decided to leave Alaska. They sold their interest in the Dexter to their partner, Charlie Hoxie.
Sadie miscarried and lost the baby. Three months later, in February , they arrived in Tonopah, Nevada , known as the "Queen of the Silver Camps", where silver and gold had been discovered in and a boom was under way.
After Tonopah's gold strike waned, they moved in to Goldfield, Nevada , where his brother Virgil and his wife were living. He hired Wyatt as a pit boss.
In , he discovered several deposits of gold and copper near the Sonoran Desert town of Vidal, California , on the Colorado River and filed more than mining claims  near the Whipple Mountains.
This led to Wyatt's final armed confrontation. Lewis to head up a posse to protect surveyors of the American Trona Company who were attempting to wrest control of mining claims for vast deposits of potash on the edge of Searles Lake held in receivership by the foreclosed California Trona Company.
Wyatt and the group he guarded were regarded as claim jumpers and were confronted by armed representatives of the other company.
King wrote, "it was the nerviest thing he had ever seen". With guns pulled, Wyatt came out of his tent with a Winchester rifle , firing a round at the feet of Federal Receiver Stafford W.
Earp's actions did not resolve the dispute, which eventually escalated into the "Potash Wars" of the Mojave Desert.
Peterson, a realty broker, in a fake faro game. The Earps bought a small cottage in Vidal, the only home they ever owned. Beginning in and until Wyatt's health began to fail in , Wyatt and Sadie Earp summered in Los Angeles and spent the rest of the year in the desert working their claims.
In about , Charles Welsh, a retired railroad engineer and friend that Earp had known since Dodge City, frequently invited the Earps to visit his family in San Bernardino.
When the Welsh family moved to Los Angeles, the Earps accepted an invitation to stay with them for a while in their top-floor apartment until the Earps found a place to rent.
She and her sister Alma were concerned about the care Sadie gave Wyatt. Though he was at times very ill, she still did not cook for him.
Spolidora, her sisters, and her mother brought in meals. While living in Los Angeles, Earp became an unpaid film consultant for several silent cowboy movies.
In his autobiography, Dwan recalled, "As was the custom in those days, he [Earp] was invited to join the party and mingle with our background action.
Earp became friends with William S. Hart and later Tom Mix , the two most famous movie cowboys of their era. Hart was a stickler for realism in his depictions of Western life, and may have relied on Earp for advice.
Earp later frequently visited the sets of movie director John Ford , whose movies starred Harry Carey.
In , Earp went with his friend Jack London, whom he knew from Nome, to visit the set of former cowboy, sailor, and movie actor-turned-film director Raoul Walsh , who was shooting at the studio of Mutual Film conglomerate in Edendale, California.
During the meal, the highest paid entertainer in the world, Charlie Chaplin , dropped by to greet Wyatt Earp. Chaplin was impressed by both men, but particularly the former Tombstone marshal.
In the early s, Earp was given the honorary title of deputy sheriff in San Bernardino County, California. Earp tried to persuade his good friend, well-known cowboy movie star William S.
Hart, to help set the record straight about his life and get a movie made. In , Earp began to collaborate on a biography with his friend and former mining engineer John Flood to get his story told in a way that he approved.
The two men sat together every Sunday in the kitchen of Earp's modest, rented bungalow. While Wyatt sipped a drink and smoked a cigar, they tried to tell Earp's story, but Josephine was always present.
It needs to be clean. She thought Earp needed to be shown as a hero, and the manuscript includes a chapter titled "Conflagration" in which Earp saves two women, one a cripple, from a Tombstone fire.
Flood's writing was "stilted, corny, and one-dimensional", and the manuscript, completed some time in early , never found a publisher.
She wrote, "Now one forgets what it's all about in the clutter of unimportant details that impedes its pace, and the pompous manner of its telling.
Spolidora as a teenager had visited the Earps many times near her family home in Needles, California , and she sometimes went to San Diego with them.
Josephine "would always interfere whenever Wyatt would talk with Stuart Lake. She always interfered! She wanted him to look like a church-going saint and blow things up.
Wyatt didn't want that at all! Hart tried to help. Wyatt Earp was the last surviving Earp brother and the last surviving participant of the gunfight at the O.
Corral when he died at home in the Earps' small rented bungalow at W 17th Street,  in Los Angeles, of chronic cystitis on January 13, , at the age of Wyatt was survived by Josephine and sister Adelia Earp Edwards.
He had no children. Josephine was apparently too grief-stricken to assist. The funeral was held at the Congregational Church on Wilshire Boulevard.
Hart good friend and Western actor and silent film star ;  and Tom Mix friend and Western film star.
When Josephine did not attend Wyatt's funeral, Grace Spolidora was furious. She wasn't that upset. She was peculiar. I don't think she was that devastated when he died.
Josephine, who was Jewish,  had Earp's body cremated and secretly buried his remains in the Marcus family plot at the Hills of Eternity Memorial Park, a Jewish cemetery in Colma, California.
When she died in , her body was buried alongside his ashes. She had purchased a small white marble headstone which was stolen shortly after her death in It was discovered in a backyard in Fresno, California.
A second stone of flat granite was also stolen. On July 7, , grave-robbers dug into the Earp's grave in an apparent attempt to steal the urn containing his ashes.
It was located for sale in a flea market. Cemetery officials re-set the stone flush in concrete, but it was stolen again. Actor Kevin Costner , who played Earp in the movie Wyatt Earp offered to buy a new, larger stone, but the Marcus family thought his offer was self-serving and declined.
Descendants of Josie's half-sister Rebecca allowed a Southern California group in to erect the stone currently in place. The earlier stone is on display in the Colma Historical museum.
In , the Tombstone Restoration Commission looked for Wyatt's ashes with the intention of having them re-located to Tombstone. They contacted family members seeking permission and the location of his ashes, but no one could tell them where they were buried, not even his closest living relative, George Earp.
Arthur King, a deputy to Earp from to , finally revealed that Josephine had buried Wyatt's ashes in Colma, California, and the Tombstone Commission cancelled its plans to relocate them.
Two years before his death, Earp defended his decisions before the gunfight at the O. Corral and his actions afterward in an interview with Stuart Lake, author of the largely fictionalized biography Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal :.
For my handling of the situation at Tombstone, I have no regrets. Were it to be done over again, I would do exactly as I did at that time.
If the outlaws and their friends and allies imagined that they could intimidate or exterminate the Earps by a process of murder, and then hide behind alibis and the technicalities of the law, they simply missed their guess.
I want to call your particular attention again to one fact, which writers of Tombstone incidents and history apparently have overlooked: with the deaths of the McLaurys, the Clantons, Stillwell, Florentino Cruz, Curly Bill, and the rest, organized, politically protected crime and depredations in Cochise County ceased.
Tall like his brothers, Wyatt Earp was 6 feet 1. He is dignified, self-contained, game and fearless, and no man commands greater respect At about the same time, The Mirror , a newspaper in Monroe, Iowa, printed a wire story originating in Denver.
The anonymous reporter described Wyatt in detail:. Wyatt Earp, a man whose trigger finger had considerable to do in making the border history of the West, was in Denver for several days last week.
He is tall and athletic. His eyes are blue and fringed with light lashes and set beneath blonde eyebrows.
His hair, which was once as yellow as gold, is beginning to be stranded with white. A heavy, tawny mustache shades his firm mouth and sweeps below his strong, square chin.
He wore With a Derby hat and a pair of tan shoes, he was a figure to catch a lady's eye In , writer Adela Rogers St.
Johns met the elderly Earp for the first time. He was straight as a pine tree, tall and magnificently built.
I knew he was nearly 80, but in spite of his snow white hair and mustache, he did not seem or look old. His greetings were warm and friendly.
I stood in awe. Somehow, like a mountain, or desert, he reduced you to size. Among his peers near his death, Wyatt was respected. He was game to the last ditch and apparently afraid of nothing.
The cowmen all respected him and seemed to recognize his superiority and authority at such times as he had to use it. When citizens of Dodge City learned the Earps had been charged with murder after the gunfight, they sent letters endorsing and supporting the Earps to Judge Wells Spicer.
Wyatt's manner, though friendly, suggested a quiet reserve Frequently it has happened that men who have served as peace officers on the frontier have craved notoriety in connection with their dealings with the outlaw element of their time.
Wyatt Earp deprecated such notoriety, and during his last illness he told me that for many years he had hoped the public would weary of the narratives—distorted with fantastic and fictitious embellishments—that were published from time to time concerning him, and that his last years might be passed in undisturbed obscurity.
Bill Dixon knew Wyatt early in his adult life. He wrote:. Wyatt was a shy young man with few intimates. With casual acquaintances he seldom spoke unless spoken to.
When he did say anything it was to the point, without fear or favor, which wasn't relished by some; but that never bothered Wyatt. To those who knew him well he was a genial companion.
He had the most even disposition I ever saw; I never knew him to lose his temper. He was more intelligent, better educated, and far better mannered than the majority of his associates, which probably did not help them to understand him.
His reserve limited his friendships, but more than one stranger, down on his luck, has had firsthand evidence of Wyatt's generosity. I think his outstanding quality was the nicety with which he gauged the time and effort for every move.
That, plus his absolute confidence in himself, gave him the edge over the run of men. Public perception of his life has varied over the years as media accounts of his life have changed.
The story of the Earps' actions in Tombstone were published at the time by newspapers nationwide. Corral gunfight, that the Cowboys had been ordered to put their hands up and after they complied, were shot by the Earps, stating, "The whole series of killings cannot be classed other than cold blooded murder.
Famous lawman Bat Masterson described Wyatt in Wyatt Earp was one of the few men I personally knew in the West in the early days whom I regarded as absolutely destitute of physical fear.
Wyatt Earp's daring and apparent recklessness in time of danger is wholly characteristic; personal fear doesn't enter into the equation, and when everything is said and done, I believe he values his own opinion of himself more than that of others, and it is his own good report he seeks to preserve He never at any time in his career resorted to the pistol excepting cases where such a course was absolutely necessary.
Wyatt could scrap with his fists, and had often taken all the fight out of bad men, as they were called, with no other weapons than those provided by nature.
Wyatt was reputed to be an expert with a revolver. He showed no fear of any man. Wyatt was lucky during the few gun fights he took part in from his earliest job as an assistant police officer in Wichita to Tombstone, where he was briefly deputy U.
Unlike his lawmen brothers Virgil and James, Wyatt was never wounded, although once his clothing and his saddle were shot through with bullet holes.
Flood's biography as dictated to him by Wyatt Earp , Wyatt vividly recalled a presence that in several instances warned him away or urged him to take action.
This happened when he was on the street, alone in his room at the Cosmopolitan Hotel, at Bob Hatch's Pool Hall, where he went moments before Morgan was assassinated, and again when he approached Iron Springs and surprised Curly Bill Brocius, killing him.
After the shootout in Tombstone, his pursuit and murder of those who attacked his brothers, and after leaving Arizona, Wyatt was often the target of negative newspaper stories that disparaged his and his brothers' reputation.
His role in history has stimulated considerable ongoing scholarly and editorial debate. A large body of literature has been written about Wyatt Earp and his legacy, some of it highly fictionalized.
Considerable portions of it are either full of admiration and flattery or hostile debunking. Wyatt was repeatedly criticized in the media over the remainder of his life.
His wife Josephine wrote, "The falsehoods that were printed in some of the newspapers about him and the unjust accusations against him hurt Wyatt more deeply than anything that ever happened to him during my life with him, with the exception of his mother's death and that of his father and brother, Warren.
It described Behan as "an honest man, a good official, and possessed many of the attributes of a gentleman". Earp, on the other hand, "was head of band of desperadoes, a partner in stage robbers, and a friend of gamblers and professional killers Wyatt was the boss killer of the region.
Former nemesis Johnny Behan continued to spread rumors about the Earps for the next 20 years. On December 7, , he was quoted in a story in the Washington Post , reprinted by the San Francisco Call , describing the Earp's lawbreaking behavior in Tombstone.
After referring to the Fitzimmons-Sharkey fight, the article quoted Behan. Between them and Earps rose a bitter feud over the division of the proceeds of the looting.
The Earp boys believed they had failed to get a fair divide of the booty and swore vengeance. They caught their former allies in Tombstone unarmed and shot three of them dead while their hands were uplifted.
Warrants were issued for their arrest, and, summoning a posse, I went out to bring the Earps in. They were chased entirely out of the country and Tombstone knew them no more.
After Earp left Alaska in , the New York Sun printed a story in that described a confrontation Earp had reportedly had with a short 5 feet 1.
The story was reprinted as far away as New Zealand by the Otago Witness. Raines described the gunfight as an ambush. He said that he remembered the Earps shot the Cowboys and killed Ike Clanton when they actually killed his brother Billy before the Cowboys had a chance to surrender.
He recalled that the Cowboys "were leading their horses out of the gate when they were confronted, almost from ambush, by four of the Earps, Virgil.
Wyatt, Morgan and Jim and by Doc Holliday. Virgil Earp, armed with a sawed off express shotgun, and accompanying his demand with profanity, yelled "Hands up!
Tom McLowery [ sic ] showed his empty bands, and cried. Ike Clanton fell at the first fire, mortally wounded, but he rolled over and fired two shots from his pistol between his bent knees.
During , Frederick R. Bechdolt published the book When the West Was Young ,  which included a story about Wyatt's time in Tombstone, but he mangled many basic facts.
He described the Earp-Clanton differences as the falling-out of partners in crime. It said that the Earps were allies of Frank Stilwell, who had informed on them, so they killed him,  and that Earp had died in Colton, California.
The author concocted a fictional description of the Earp's relationship with Sheriff Behan and the Cowboys:. Trouble arose between them and Sheriff John Behan, who tried to 'clean up' the town.
Trouble began when four cowboys refused to recognize the right of the Earp gang to rule the town.
The Earps ordered the cowboys out of town and they were preparing to leave when they were waylaid and a gun battle followed during which Virgil Earp was shot in the leg, Morgan Earp in the shoulder and Ike Clanton was killed.
The town was aroused and Frank Stilwell, who led the stage robberies, brought the trouble to a climax when he informed against his partners, because the Earps would not divide fairly.
In a gun battle that followed, Stilwell killed Morgan Earp. A few months later another stage was robbed, and the driver, 'Bud' Philpot, was killed.
Josephine and Earps' friend and actor William Hart both wrote letters to the publisher. Josephine demanded that the error "must be corrected and printed in the same sensational manner" given to the correction as to the original article, which the paper published.
At the time of his death, Earp may have been more well known for the controversy that engulfed him after the Fitzsimmons vs. Sharkey match in San Francisco than for the gunfight in Tombstone.
As Deputy United States Marshal, Earp had been sent from town to town to quell disturbances and establish peace.
His only recorded visit to California in those days was his memorable trip to Colton, then known as the "toughest town untamed". Within a week Wyatt Earp had the town running like a clock, but at the cost of not a few lives of "prominent citizens".
Earp could shoot with his two guns from all angles and instantly made his presence felt in Colton. Earp's modern-day reputation is that of the Old West's "toughest and deadliest gunman of his day".
Author Walter Noble Burns visited Earp in September and asked him questions with the intent to write a book about Earp.
Earp declined because he was already collaborating with John Flood. Burns visited Tombstone and based on what he learned decided instead to focus his book on Doc Holliday.
He pestered Earp for facts, and on March 27 the next year, Earp finally responded to Burns' repeated requests in an page letter outlining the basic facts from Earp's point of view.
When their efforts to get the Flood manuscript published failed, the Earps decided to appeal to Burns, whose own book was near publication.
But he was not interested. His book was about to be published, free of the constraints imposed by a collaboration with Earp.
I should have been delighted six months ago to accept your offer but it is too late now. My book has championed Mr. Earp's cause throughout and I believe will vindicate his reputation in Tombstone in a way that he will like.
In late , Burns published Tombstone, An Iliad of the Southwest, a mesmerizing tale "of blood and thunder," that christened Earp as the "Lion of Tombstone".
Something epic in him, fashioned in Homeric mold. In his way, a hero. Readers and reviewers found they had a difficult time discerning between "fact and fiction".
Burns treated Earp as a mythical figure, a "larger-than-life hero whose many portrayals in film, television, and books often render fidelity to truth the first casualty".
Breakenridge was assisted by Western novelist William MacLeod Raine , who since had published more than 25 novels about Western history.
The book was published in before Wyatt died. Corral gun fight stated that the Clanton and McLaury brothers were merely cowboys who had been unarmed and surrendered but the Earp brothers had shot them in cold blood.
Earp complained about the book until his death in , and his wife continued in the same vein afterward. Edwin V. Burkholder, who specialized in stories about the Old West, published an article about Wyatt in in Argosy Magazine.
He called Wyatt Earp a coward and murderer, and manufactured evidence to support his allegations. Qualey", for the Western magazine Real West.
His stores were filled with sensational claims about Wyatt Earp's villainy, and he made up fake letters to the editor from supposed "old-timers" to corroborate this story.
Allie Earp was so upset by the way Waters distorted and manipulated her words that she threatened to shoot him.
In it, Waters vociferously berated Wyatt:. Wyatt was an itinerant saloonkeeper, cardsharp, gunman, bigamist, church deacon, policeman, bunco artist, and a supreme confidence man.
A lifelong exhibitionist ridiculed alike by members of his own family, neighbors, contemporaries, and the public press, he lived his last years in poverty, still vainly trying to find someone to publicize his life, and died two years before his fictitious biography recast him in the role of America's most famous frontier marshal.
Purportedly quoting Allie, he invented bitter public fights between Mattie and Wyatt, and told how Wyatt's affair with Sadie Marcus, "the slut of Tombstone," had humiliated Mattie.
He condemned the Earp brothers' character and called them names. Waters used Allie Earp's anecdotes as a frame for adding a narrative and "building a case, essentially piling quote upon quote to prove that Wyatt Earp was a con man, thief, robber, and eventually murderer".
Reidhead, author of Travesty: Frank Waters Earp Agenda Exposed , spent nearly a decade searching for Water's original manuscript, researching him, his background, and his bias against the Earps.
In doing so, the author discovered that the story Waters presented against the Earps was primarily fictitious.
Because of his later reputation, few writers, even today, dare question Waters' motives. They also do not bother fact checking the Earp Brothers of Tombstone , which is so inaccurate it should be considered fiction, rather than fact.
Anti-Earp writers and researchers use Frank Waters' Earp Brothers of Tombstone , as their primary source for material that presents Wyatt Earp as something of a villainous monster, aided and abetted by his brothers who were almost brutes.
Waters detested the Earps so badly that he presented a book that was terribly flawed, poorly edited, and brimming with prevarications.
In his other work, Waters is poetic. In the Earp Brothers of Tombstone , he is little more than a tabloid hack, trying to slander someone he dislikes.
His books were strongly anti-Earp and attacked Wyatt Earp's image as a hero. Bartholomew went about this by reciting snippets of accumulated anti-Earp facts, rumors, gossip, and innuendo.
Bartholomew's books started a trend of debunking Earp, and the academic community followed his lead, pursuing the image of Earp as a "fighting pimp".
One inconsistency by Barra, pointed out by another reviewer, includes a description of the poker game the night before the shootout.
He wrote a letter to John Hays Hammond on May 21, , telling him "notoriety had been the bane of my life.
I detest it, and I never have put forth any effort to check the tales that have been published in which my brothers and I are supposed to have been the principal participants.
Not one of them is correct. He was tired of all the lies perpetuated about him and became determined to get his story accurately told.
Earp did not trust the press and preferred to keep his mouth shut. The many negative, untruthful stories bothered Earp a great deal, and he finally decided to tell his own story.
Scanland, the author of the LA Times article, and extract a written retraction from him, which he finally did in In , Earp began to collaborate on a biography with his friend and former mining engineer with John Flood to get his story told in a way that he approved.
Lake published the first biography of Wyatt Earp,  : — Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal in ,  two years after Earp died.
Lake wrote the book with Earp's input,  but was only able to interview him eight times before Earp died,  during which Earp sketched out the "barest facts" of his life.
Lake initially sought Earp out hoping to write a magazine article about him. Earp was also seeking a biographer at about the same time.
Earp, who was 80, was concerned that his vantage point on the Tombstone story may be lost, and may have been financially motivated, as he had little income in his last years of life.
During the interviews and in later correspondence, Josephine and Wyatt went to great lengths to keep her name out of Lake's book.
Lake's creative biography portrays Earp as a "Western superhero",  "gallant white knight"  and entirely avoided mentioning Josephine Earp or Blaylock.
A number of Hollywood movies have been directly and indirectly influenced by Lake's book and its depiction of Earp's role as a western lawman.
Corral in the public consciousness and Earp as a fearless lawman in the American Old West. The book "is now regarded more as fiction than fact",  "an imaginative hoax, a fabrication mixed with just enough fact to give it credibility".
Josephine Earp worked hard to create an image of Wyatt as a teetotaler ,  but as a saloon owner and gambler, he drank occasionally as well.
When Flood and Lake wrote their biographies, Prohibition was in force. Among the other facts Josephine wanted scrubbed from Earp's history, was that he liked a drink.
She persuaded biographers Flood, Lake and Burns to write that Earp was a non-drinker. A good friend of Earp's, Charlie Welsh, was known to disappear for days at a time "to see property", the family euphemism for a drinking binge, and Earp was his regular partner.
Buntline was supposed to have presented them to lawmen in thanks for their help with contributing "local color" to his western yarns.
According to Lake, the revolver was equipped with a detachable metal shoulder stock. However, neither Tilghman nor Brown were lawmen then.
Researchers have never found any record of an order received by the Colt company, and Ned Buntline's alleged connections to Earp's have been largely discredited.
After the publication of Lake's book, various Colt revolvers with long 10" or 16" barrels were referred to as "Colt Buntlines". Colt re-introduced the revolvers in its second generation revolvers produced after Earp's reputation has been confused by inaccurate, conflicting, and false stories told about him by others, and by his own claims that cannot be corroborated.
For example, in an interview with a reporter in Denver in , he denied that he had killed Johnny Ringo. In , he was interviewed by an agent of California historian Hubert H.
Bancroft , and Earp claimed that he had killed "over a dozen stage robbers, murderers, and cattle thieves". However, Earp included details that do not match what is known about Ringo's death.
Earp repeated that claim to at least three other people. At the hearing following the Tombstone shootout, Earp said he had been marshal in Dodge City, a claim he repeated in an August 16, , interview that appeared in The San Francisco Examiner.
But Earp had only been an assistant city marshal there. During an interview with his future biographer Stuart Lake during the late s, Earp said that he arrested notorious gunslinger Ben Thompson in Ellsworth , Kansas , on August 15, , when news accounts and Thompson's own contemporary account about the episode do not mention his presence.
However he was not convicted of the last charge and was released. In the same interview, Earp claimed that George Hoyt had intended to kill him, although newspaper accounts from that time report differently.
Cowboy Charlie Siringo witnessed the incident and left a written account. Wyatt outlived his brothers, and due to the fame Wyatt gained from Lake's biography and later adaptations of it, he is often mistakenly viewed as the central character and hero of the gunfight at the O.
Marshal and Tombstone City Marshal, actually held the legal authority in Tombstone the day of the shootout.
Wyatt was only a temporary assistant marshal to his brother. Western historian and author John Boessenecker describes Earp:.
He always lived on the outer fringe of respectable society, and his closest companions were gamblers and sporting men Wyatt never set down roots in any one place; when the money stopped coming in or his problems became too great, he would pull up stakes and move on to the next boomtown For his entire life was a gamble, an effort to make money without working hard for it, to succeed quickly without ever settling in for the long haul.
One of the most well known and for many years respected books about Wyatt Earp was the book I Married Wyatt Earp , originally credited as a factual memoir by Josephine Marcus Earp.
Published in , it was edited by amateur historian Glenn Boyer ,  : 4  and published by the respected University of Arizona Press.
It was immensely popular for many years, capturing the imagination of people with an interest in western history, studied in classrooms, cited by scholars,  : 50 and relied upon as factual by filmmakers.
In , writer Tony Ortega wrote a lengthy investigative article for the Phoenix New Times for which he interviewed Boyer. Boyer said that he was uninterested in what others thought of the accuracy of what he had written.
I don't have to adhere to the kind of jacket that these people are putting on me. I am not a historian. I'm a storyteller.
Boyer and the University Press' credibility was severely damaged. In the university referred all questions to university lawyers who investigated some of the allegations about Boyer's work.
As a result, other works by Boyer were subsequently questioned. His book, Wyatt Earp's Tombstone Vendetta , published in , was according to Boyer based on an account written by a previously unknown Tombstone journalist that he named "Theodore Ten Eyck", but whose identity could not be independently verified.
Boyer claimed that the manuscript was "clearly authentic" and that it contained "fascinating revelations if they are true and would make an ace movie".
History professor William Urban also described "the questionable scholarship of Glenn Boyer, the dominant figure in Earpiana for the past several decades, who has apparently invented a manuscript and then cited it as a major source in his publications.
This does not surprise this reviewer, who has personal experience with Boyer's pretentious exaggeration of his acquaintance with Warren County records.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Wyatt Earp disambiguation. American gambler and frontier marshal. Earp at about age 39  : Monmouth, Illinois , U.
Los Angeles, California , U. Urilla Sutherland. Sally Heckell. Celia Ann "Mattie" Blaylock. Josephine Sarah Marcus.
Newton Jasper Earp b. Main article: Nicholas Porter Earp. Further information on political issues and election fraud: Cochise County in the Old West.
Main article: Gunfight at the O. Main article: O. Corral hearing and aftermath. Main article: Earp Vendetta Ride. Main article: Fitzsimmons vs.
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